How to Repair Windows 10 Using a USB Drive: Step-by-Step Tutorial

Welcome to our step-by-step tutorial on how to repair Windows 10 using a USB drive. If you’re experiencing issues with your Windows 10 installation and need to fix them without losing any data, this guide is for you. We’ll walk you through the process of creating a Windows 10 USB repair drive, booting from it, and using the advanced repair tools to solve common problems. Let’s get started!

Importance of Repairing Windows 10 Using a USB Drive

Repairing Windows 10 using a USB drive is crucial when you can’t access the Windows Advanced Options troubleshooting options from within the operating system. In such cases, having a bootable USB or DVD media allows you to perform repairs without losing any data. It’s a valuable tool for troubleshooting and fixing issues that prevent your computer from functioning properly. Whether you’re dealing with startup problems, corrupted files, or other issues, a USB repair drive can save the day.

Step 1: Create a Windows 10 USB Repair Drive

The first step in repairing Windows 10 using a USB drive is to create the necessary bootable media. Follow these instructions:

Download and Install the Windows Media Creation Tool

Start by downloading and installing the Windows Media Creation Tool, which is available on Microsoft’s official website. This tool will help you create the bootable USB repair drive.

Choose USB Flash Drive as the Installation Media

Once the tool is installed, launch it and select the option to create installation media for another PC. Choose the USB flash drive option when prompted to select the type of media.

Create the Windows 10 USB Repair Drive

Insert a USB flash drive with at least 8 GB of storage capacity into your computer. The tool will detect the USB drive and give you the option to create the Windows 10 USB repair drive. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process.

Step 2: Boot from the USB Repair Drive

Now that you have created the Windows 10 USB repair drive, it’s time to boot your computer from it. Here’s how:

Restart Your Computer

Power on your computer and restart it. While it’s restarting, continually tap the F12 key to open the boot selection menu. This key may vary depending on your computer’s manufacturer, so refer to your user manual if necessary.

Enter the BIOS Setup

Use the arrow keys to highlight the USB recovery drive in the boot selection menu and press Enter. This will load the recovery software from the USB drive. If the USB drive does not appear in the boot selection menu, you may need to enter the BIOS setup by pressing a different key, such as F2, F8, or Del. Again, consult your user manual for the correct key.

Change the Boot Order

In the BIOS setup, navigate to the Boot option and set the USB drive as the first boot device. This ensures that your computer will prioritize booting from the USB drive rather than the hard disk.

Save and Exit the BIOS Setup

Save the changes you made in the BIOS setup and exit. Your computer will now restart and boot from the bootable USB repair drive.

Step 3: Choose the Repair Option

Once your computer has booted from the USB repair drive, you’ll be presented with several options. Follow these steps:

Select your Language Preferences

Choose your preferred language and click Next to continue.

Click on “Repair Your Computer”

On the first installation screen, look for a link that says “Repair your computer.” Click on it to access the advanced recovery options.

Choose the Troubleshoot Option

In the advanced troubleshooting menu, select the Troubleshoot option. This will give you access to various tools and repair options.

Step 4: Use Advanced Repair Tools

Now that you’re in the Troubleshoot menu, you can choose from a range of advanced repair tools to fix your Windows 10 installation. Here are some of the most commonly used tools:

Automatic Repair

The Automatic Repair tool attempts to automatically fix common startup issues that prevent your computer from booting properly. It scans for problems and applies appropriate fixes to resolve the issue.

System Restore

If you have previously created a system restore point, you can use the System Restore tool to revert your computer’s settings and configuration to a previous state. This can be helpful if a recent change or update has caused problems.

Startup Repair

The Startup Repair tool is designed to fix problems with the Windows startup process. It analyzes your computer’s startup configuration and attempts to repair any issues that may be preventing it from booting correctly.

Command Prompt

The Command Prompt tool allows you to manuallyenter commands to repair your Windows 10 installation. This option is best suited for advanced users who are familiar with the specific commands needed to fix their issues.

Step 5: Complete the Repair Process

After selecting the appropriate repair tool and following the on-screen instructions, you’ll be able to complete the repair process.

Follow the On-Screen Instructions

Make sure to carefully follow any instructions displayed on the screen during the repair process. This may involve providing additional information, selecting options, or confirming actions.

Restart Your Computer

Once the repair process is complete, restart your computer. Ideally, the issues you were facing should now be resolved, and your Windows 10 installation should be functioning properly.


In this tutorial, we’ve shown you how to create a Windows 10 USB repair drive, boot from it, and use advanced repair tools to solve common problems. By following these steps, you can effectively repair your Windows 10 installation without losing any important data. Remember that regular backups and system maintenance are key to preventing future issues and ensuring the smooth operation of your computer. Good luck, and happy troubleshooting!

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